Eyelid Tumors and Reconstruction Change
Tumors are abnormal growths of tissue that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Tumors on the eyelid should be evaluated and treated as soon as possible. Cancers require immediate medical attention. Even a benign tumor can cause pain or irritation to the eye. A biopsy will usually determine whether the eyelid tumor is benign or malignant. Benign eyelid lesions are often completely excised at your initial visit to the office.
Most cancers of the eyelid (about 85-95%) are basal cell carcinomas that form on the surface of the eyelid. They are malignant but rarely spread to other parts of the body. Treatment is usually surgical removal. Occasionally it is also possible to see squamous cell carcinomas, sebaceous cell carcinomas, and malignant melanoma of the eyelid.
If there is a defect after the tumor has been removed, the surgeon will reconstruct the eyelid so that it both functions properly and looks normal. Reconstruction is tailored to each patient based on the size and location of the defect. Oculoplastic surgeons are ideal for tumor removal and reconstruction, since they are trained in both ophthalmology and plastic surgery.